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National Digital Development Research

The primary items of the "Progressing Toward Digital Equality Program (2020-2023)," which is in accordance with the fourth principle of the "Smart Taiwan Program (2021-2025)," "Digital Inclusivity," include conducting digital development research, current national digital development progress research and analysis, and the provision of digital development research data required for ministries to promote digital equality policies. These help attain goals such as improving Taiwan’s digital inclusiveness, bridging digital divides, realizing actualization through education, and establishing rolling surveys of digital talent and skill level certification.

To implement the aforementioned policies, "digital opportunity research" has transformed into "digital development research" since 2020. Through a system of objective, scientific, and broad-ranged digital development indicators, Taiwan’s national digitalization progress is evaluated and monitored regularly so the government and citizens are informed about the maturity of Taiwan’s digital development. Additionally, based on indicator evaluation, the government can monitor other countries’ progress, assess the external environment where trends in international digital development are rapidly changing, and review and plan digitization policies with digital inclusiveness in mind. In doing so, the government can meet international trends, clearly represent Taiwan’s current progress in digital development, and reinforce connections between research results and policies.

Taiwan’s digital development research system matches the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development’s (OECD) "Well-being Framework," featuring 12 dimensions and 74 indicators, some of which are local indicators designed to reflect Taiwan’s national conditions, while others are defined according to OECD’s Well-being Framework.

Main Dimensions Sub-dimensions Indicator
ICT Access, Usage, and Literacy Environmental access opportunities Household internet access 
5G internet coverage
Internet connection device ownership 
Mobile service pricing
Use of the internet People using the internet
Internet use frequency 
Variety of uses of the internet E-mailing for private purpose
Searching for information about goods or services
Downloading software
Consulting wikis
Internet banking
Instant messaging
Online entertainment
Online reading
Cloud space
Mobile payment
Digital video and audio editing 
Digital contents creation
Inequality in internet uses Quick-adaptors and user majority internet use type and item difference
Regional difference in accessibility
Identity difference in accessibility 
Information usage skills Information filtering skills 
Housing Smart home Usage of services or applications associated with smart surveillance (internet surveillance, biometrics, anti-theft, and anti-disaster) 
Usage of services or applications associated with smart appliances (internet-connected appliances, smart sensing, energy-saving controls)
Usage of services or applications associated with smart care (internet-connected medical equipment, care systems, smart bracelets)
Usage Digital Home Entertainment Services or Apps (Smart TV, smart speaker, online console gaming)
Education and Skills Digital skills Problem-solving skills in technology-rich environments
Student ICT skills 
Digital skills gap Coefficient of variation of score in problem-solving in technology-rich environments 
Digital resources at school Internet environment at school 
Internet speed differences between schools
Teacher ICT skills Inefficient ICT skills reported by teachers
Online courses Online course participation
Income and Wealth Labor market returns to ICT tasks Wage premium associated with digital skills
Online consumption Purchasing goods or services online
Selling online Selling goods or services online
Jobs Employment in information industries Share of information industries as a percent of total employment
Work digitalization level  Computer or internet application level in workers’ job 
Jobs at risk of automation Automation rate in jobs 
Online job search Job search or resume submission through the internet
Reduction in extended job strain associated with computer-based jobs Job flexibility and workplace safety 
Job stress associated with computer-based jobs Job stress and resources
Work-life Balance Teleworking Teleworking experiences 
Worries about work outside work time Work/life division
Health Status Medical appointments online Online registration
Online health information Seeking health information online
Physical health risks Physical function deterioration due to internet use 
Mental health risks Mental function deterioration due to internet use
Social Connections Use of online social networking sites Use of online social networking sites
Digital content participation Digital content participation
Cyberbullying Experiences with cyberbullying
Governance and Civil Engagement Civil participation Expression of political opinions online
Public policy internet participation platforms 
Open government Open data
E-government services Use of e-government services
Lack of skills as a barrier to accessing e-government services
Governance and Civil Engagement Exposure to disinformation online Exposure to disinformation online
Environmental Quality E-waste er capita E-waste generated per capita
Personal Digital Security Information security measures  Information security measures taken
Cybersecurity threats Information security issues
Online privacy abuses Concerns about privacy abuses
Subjective Well-being Life satisfaction gains associated with Internet access Increase in life satisfaction
National Digital Development Research
National Digital Development Research
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